As the solar light meets the surface of the solar panels, the “solar cells” start to produce electrical energy. The current that is created is proportional to the intensity and the coming angle of the solar light.
The current created on solar cells is DC – Direct Current. For this reason; we can not utilize this electrical energy directly in our houses and workplaces.
In order to utilize the energy created by solar panels, we need to convert the DC current to AC (Alternative Current). This process is accomplished via Inverter device.
The energy that is produced by solar panels can be stored inside batteries.
Batteries must be charged under constant voltage. For this reason; we need to utilize solar charge controllers between the solar panel and the battery.